Captured Axis Aircraft



Last revised May 3, 2018


Information from Vesto Haas

A number of Axis aircraft, plus a few allied, were acquired by Air Materiel Command during the Second World War, for test & evaluation
by the Foreign Aircraft Evaluation Center at Freeman Field, IN. Along with other captured equipment, they were allocated ‘FE’ 
(foreign evaluation) serials. During re-organisation of Air Technical Service Command (ATSC), the Technical Data Laboratory, 
Materiel Command became part of T-2 Intelligence. It appears that following the change, the numeric part of serials were retained, 
but the prefix was changed to ‘T2’.   

The previx FE stood for "Foreign Equipment".

FE-1		Bachem Ba.349B-1 Natter
		Noted at Freeman AAF, IN, Sep 30 1945. Later re-serial T2-1. Transferred to National Air Museum, May 1 1949. Stored Paul 
		E Garber facility, Suitland, MD. Displayed National Air & Space Museum, Washington, DC.
FE-102		Messerschmitt Me.410A-2/U1 Hornisse
		(WkNr 10018) ‘F6+WK’ 2(F)/122, Luftwaffe. Previously serialed EB-103, and later re-serialed FE-499 and T-2-499.

FE-107		Messerschmitt Me.262A-1a Schwalbe
		(WkNr 111711) was surrendered to Allied forces at Rhein-Main, Frankfurt, Germany, Mar 31 1945, by defecting Messerschmitt 
		test pilot Hans Fay. Shipped to the USA aboard Manawaska Victory, and serialed FE-107. Later re-serialed T2-711. Test 
		flown by Flight Test Division, Wright Field, OH, it crashed following dual engine fires, nr Route 68, Xenia, OH, Aug 20 
		1945 and was destroyed. The pilot, Walter McCauley Jr parachuted to safety.
FE-108		Messerschmitt Me.262A-1a/U3 Swalbe
		‘White 30’, Luftwaffe. Watson’s Whizzers as ‘222’, named “Marge”, later “Lady Jess IV” with Donald Duck nose art. Shipped 
		to the US and serialed FE108. Transferred to the US Navy and allocated 121443. Written-off during first test flight, Nov 7 
		1945, at NAS Patuxent River, MD.
FE-109		Messerschmitt Me.262B-1a/U1 Swalbe
		(WkNr 110165) possibly 10/NJG11. Surrendered to RAF at Schleswig-Jagel, Germany, in May 1945, and marked ‘USA3’ “What was 
		it?” for supply to USAAF. Watson’s Whizzers as ‘101’. Shipped to the USA and serialed FE-109. To US Navy Armament Test 
		Division, NAS Patuxent River, MD, in Dec 1945 and allocated BuNo 121441. Scrapped at NAS Anacostia, DC, Nov 1946.
FE-110		Messerschmitt Me.262A-1a Schwalbe
		(WkNr 110836) acquired by USAAF and assigned ‘777’ by Watson’s Whizzers, receiving the name “Doris” and later “Jabo Bait”. 
		Shipped to the US and serialed FE110. Later re-serialed T-2-110.
FE-111		Messerschmitt Me.262A-1b Swalbe
		(WkNr 500491) ‘Yellow 7’ 11/JG7, Luftwaffe. Captured at Lechfeld, Germany, on May 8 1945. Watson’s Whizzers ‘888’. Named 
		“Dennis” by 54th Air Disarmament Sqn, it was later re-named “Ginny H”. Shipped to the US and delivered to Wright Field, 
		OH, in Aug 1945. Transferred to Freeman Field, IN, and allocated serial FE-111, and later T-2-111. Moved to 803rd Special 
		Depot, Park Ridge, IL, in Jul 1946 for long-term storage. Moved to the National Air Museum, Silver Hill, MD, during 1950. 
		Restored in 1978 and displayed at the National Air & Space Museum, Washington, DC. Regd N9450.
FE-112		Focke-Wulf Fw.190D
		‘4’ Luftwaffe. Transferred from RAF to USAAF.
FE-113		Focke-Wulf Fw.190
FE-117		Focke-Wulf Fw.190F-8
		Noted at Freeman Field, IN, during the summer of 1945. 
FE-118		Fw.190D-13/R11
		(WkNr 836017) ‘Yellow 10’ JG.26, Luftwaffe. Captured and marked ‘USA19’. Later serialed T2-118. Donated to Georgia 
		Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA, in 1947, then acquired derelict by David Kyte, CA. Purchased in 1972 by Doug 
		Champlin, and exported to Germany for restoration, it returned four years later to the Champlin collection, Mesa, AZ. 
		Registered N190D. Now displayed at the Museum of Flight, Seattle, WA.
FE-119		Focke-Wulf Fw.190D
		Crashed during a demonstration flight at Freeman Field, IN, Sep 22 1945. Pilot killed.
FE-120		Focke-Wulf Fw.190D-9
		Transferred to the Smithsonian Institute in 1960. On loan to the USAFM, Dayton, OH.
FE-122		Messerschmitt Bf.109G-10/U4 Gustav
		(WkNr 611943) yellow ‘13’ 11/JG.52, Luftwaffe. Later re-serialed T2-122. Acquired by Ed Maloney in 1959 for the Planes of 
		Fame Museum collection, Valle, AZ.
FE-123		Messerschmitt Bf.109G-10 Gustav
		Captured at Neubiberg, Germany, and shipped to Freeman Field, IN. Displayed as black ‘7’, Patterson AAF, OH. Last noted 
		during 1950s. Fate unknown.
FE-124		Messerschmitt Bf.109G-10/U4 Gustav
		(WkNr 610824) captured at Neubiberg, Germany, May 1945. Shipped to the US and delvd Freeman Field, IN, for testing, May 17 
		1946. Later re-serialed T2-124. Donated to Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA, in 1947. Displayed at USAFM, 
		Dayton, OH, as blue ‘4’ of JG.300.

FE-130		Mitsubishi A6M5 Zero
		‘61-108’ 261stKokutai. Initially marked ‘TAIC 8’, then FE-130 and T-2-130. It was tested by USAAF at Wright Field, OH, 
		before being moved to Eglin Field, FL, during 1945.

FE-0147		Messerschmitt Me.108 Taifun
		Noted at Freeman AAF, IN, Jan 9 1946.

FE-489		Heinkel He.162
		(WkNr 120077) red ‘1’ named “Norvenklau, Luftwaffe. Also serialed T2-489.
FE-490		Possibly Bachem Ba.349 Natter restored to static display at Freeman Field, IN, during 1946. Later re-serialed T2-490.
FE-491		Possibly Hawker Typhoon, RAF serial MN235

FE-495		Messerschmitt Me.163B-1a Komet
		(WkNr 191301) noted post-war at Freeman Field, IN. Later re-serialed T2-495, and wrongly as FE-500. Displayed at the 
		National Air & Space Museum, Steven F Udvar-Hazy Center, Chantilly, VA. There is confusion between this and FE-500, with 
		both being quoted as WkNr 191301. The display aircraft shows the remains of serial T2-500.
FE-496		Messerschmitt Bf.109G-6
		(WkNr 160163) 2+1, Luftwaffe. Captured by USAAF when the Luftwaffe pilot flew it to Italy in Jul 1942. Transferred to the 
		Smithsonian Institute in 1948 and stored at Silver Hill, MD.

FE-499		Messerschmitt Me.410A-2/U1 Hornisse
		(WkNr 10018) ‘F6+WK’ 2(F)/122, Luftwaffe. Captured at Trapani, Sicily, during Aug 1943. Previously serialed FE-102, EB-
		103, and later re-serialed T-2-499. Noted at Freeman Field, IN, post war. Stored at the Paul E Garber Restoration & 
		Storage Facility, Suitland, VA.
FE-500		Messerschmitt Me.163B-1a Komet
		(WkNr 191301) ’54’ Luftwaffe. Noted at Freeman AAF, IN, Sep 30 1945. Later re-serialed as T-2-500 and T2-500. Delvd to 
		Muroc, CA, for flight testing, May 3 1946. Stored Norton AFB, CA. Transferred to the Smithsonian Institute in 1954. 
		Displayed, unrestored, at the Paul E Garber Restoration & Storage Facility, Suitland, VA. Loaned to the Mighty Eighth Air 
		Force Heritage Museum, Savannah, GA, 1996. Displayed at the National Air & Space Museum, Steven F Udvar-Hazy Center, 
		Chantilly, VA. The display aircraft shows the remains of serial T2-500. (see FE-495)
FE-501		Messerschmitt Me.163B-1a Komet
		Later re-serialed T2-501. Parts donor for FE-500. Scrapped at Freeman Field, IN, in 1946.
FE-502		Messerschmitt Me.163B-1a Komet
		Later re-serialed T2-502. Parts donor for FE-500. Scrapped at Freeman Field, IN, in 1946.
FE-503		Messerschmitt Me.163B-1a Komet
		Later re-serialed T2-503. Transferred to Bell Aircraft in 1946.

FE-610		Messerschmitt Me.262B-1a/U1
		(WkNr 110306) ‘Red 6’ 10/NJG11, Luftwaffe. Surrendered to RAF at Schleswig-Jagel, Germany, it was transferred to the 
		USAAF, becoming Watson’s Whizzers ‘999’, before being shipped to the US. Evaluated as FE-610, but later e-serialed T-2-610 
		it was named “Ole Fruit Cake” and “Schwalbe”. Scrapped at Freeman Field, IN, circa 1950.

FE-1010		Arado Ar.234B-2 Blitz
		(WkNr 140312) ‘H’ KG.76, Luftwaffe, captured in Norway by British forces during May 1945, and passed to USAAF as ‘USA 23’. 
		Evaluated at Freeman AAF, IN, and later Wright Field, OH, during 1946, before being transferred to the Smithsonian 
		Institute in 1949. Restored 1984-89 and displayed at the National Air & Space Museum, Steven F Udvar-Hazy Center, 
		Chantilly, VA, as 140312 ‘F1+GS’.

FE-1012		Dornier Do.335A-1 Pfeil
		(WkNr 240102) 102 ‘VG-PH’ Luftwaffe. Also reported as WkNr240101. Photographed at Patuxent River, MD.

FE-1204		Aichi B7A2 Ryusei (Grace)
		(msn 816) ‘Sho-816’. Captured in Japan and shipped to the US, where it was allocated serial FE-1204, later T-2-1204. 
		Stored following evaluation and released to the National Air & Space Museum in 1963, when it was stored at the Paul E 
		Garber Facility. Possibly fuselage only.

FE-1598		Junkers Ju.88D-1/Trop
		(WkNr 430650) white ‘1’, No.2 Long Range Recconaissance Sqn, Rumanian AF. Captured by RAF and allocated serial HK959. 
		Delvd to USAAF and named “The Comanche”, allocated FE1598. Serialed T2-1598 during test & evaluation by the Technical Data 
		Lab. Also reported with serial 43-0650. Displayed at the National Air & Space Museum as Rumanian AF ‘105’.
FE-1599		Junkers Ju.88
FE-1600		Heinkel He.111H
		(WkNr 8433) ‘+D(?)C’’4’.

FE-3400	J	unkers Ju.290A-4 Condor
		‘022’ ‘PI+PS’ Luftwaffe. Named “Alles Kaputt” by Watson’s Whizzers. Noted at Freeman AAF, IN, Aug 2 1945. Scrapped at 
		Wright Field, OH, during 1946.

FE-4010		Junkers Ju.388
		Also serialed T2-4010. Flight tested at Wright Field, before being transferred to Orchard Place, IL. Displayed at the 
		National Air & Space Museum.
FE-4011		Messerschmitt Me.262A-1a/U3 Swalbe
		(WkNr 500098) ‘White 27’ Luftwaffe. Captured at Lechfeld, Germany, and marked ‘Feudin 54th A.D.Sq’. Watson’s Whizzers 
		‘666’, named “Joanne” and later “Cookie VII”. Shipped to the US and serialed FE-4011. Destroyed by fire, following crash 
		at Gtr Pittsburgh Arpt, PA, Aug 19 1945. Pilot Lt James K Holt sustained minor injuries.
FE-4012		Messerschmitt Me.262A-1a/U3 Swalbe
		(WkNr 500453) ‘White 25’. Captured by 54th Air Disarmament Sqn and named “Connie……My Sharp Article”. Watson’s Whizzers 
		‘444’, later named “Pick II”. Shipped to the US and possibly allocated EB-19. Flown to Freeman Field, IN, Aug 19 1945, and 
		serialed FE-4012, later re-serialed T-2-4012. Fitted with the nose from FE-111, and used in classified comparison tests 
		with Lockheed’s P-80. To Planes of Museum, Chino, CA, then the Flying Heritage & Combat Armor Museum, WA. Regd N9450 and 
		painted as ‘White 9’.

FE-4600		Henschel Hs.129B
		Noted at Freeman AAF, IN, 1946. Also carried serial EB-105.

FE-4610		Messerschmitt Me.108B-1 Taifun
		(WkNr 8378) also carried serial T2-4610. Displayed at the Planes of Fame Museum, Chino, CA.

FE-4613		Flettner Fi.282V-23 Kolibri
		 ‘C1+TW’ Luftwaffe. Noted at Freeman AAF, IN, Sep 30 1945.

FE-4616 or FE-4618	Focke-Achgelis Fa.330
		Evaluated at Freeman Field, IN. Transferred to the National Air & Space Museum.

		Heinkel He.162
		(WkNr 120222) ‘White 23’ Luftwaffe.

		Junkers Ju.88
		Marked ‘86th Fighter Sqdn’ on nose, with Luftwaffe markings applied over British roundels. Possibly FE1598 above.

		Junkers Ju.88A
		Reported as 43-00227. Possibly WkNr 4300227.

		Junkers Ju.290
		‘P1+PS’ Luftwaffe.

		Messerschmitt Me.262A-1a Schwalbe
		(WkNr 501232) yellow ‘5’ 3/KG(J)6. To USAAF as Watson’s Whizzers ‘111’ and named “Beverly Anne”, later “Screamin Meemie”. 
		Shipped to the USA and possibly serialed EB-20. To US Navy Armament Test Division, NAS Patuxent River, MD, in Dec 1945 and 
		allocated BuNo 121442. Displayed at USAFM, Dayton, OH.


I have no idea what the ‘EB’ prefix means.

EB-1		Messerschmitt Bf.109F
		(WkNr 7640) Presented to the USAAF by the Soviets during Nov 1942. Arrived at Eglin AAF, FL, Mar 21 1944. Later re-
		serialed EB-100.

EB-100		Messerschmitt Bf.109F
		(WkNr 7640) Ex EB-1.
EB-101		Focke-Wulf Fw.190
EB-102		Messerschmitt Bf.109G-6/Trop
		(WkNr 16416) white ‘9’ 4/JG.77, Luftwaffe. Captured at Soliman Airfield, Tunisia, May 8 1943, and tested at Wright Field, 
		OH. Scrapped Oct 1944.
EB-103		Messerschmitt Me.410A-2/U1 Hornisse
		(WkNr 10018) ‘F6+WK’ 2(F)/122, Luftwaffe. Allocated serial EB-103, and later FE-102, FE-499 and T-2-499.
EB-104		Focke-Wulf Fw.190
EB-105		Henschel Hs.129B
		Also carried serial FE-4600.

EB-200		Mitsubishi A6M Zeke
EB-201		Mitsubishi A6M3 Zero-Sen Hamp
		Composite aircraft, assembled at RAAF Eagle Farm, Brisbane, Australia. Shipped to Wright Fld, OH, where it was flown for 
		22 hours. Fate unknown, probably scrapped.

		Yakovlev Yak.9U
		Captured by US Marines at Kimpo Airfield during the Korean War and shipped to the US. Rebuilt by Cornell Aeronautical 
		Laboratory it was allocated serial T2-3002 and first flown Sep 21 1951. Scrapped during 1958.



		Arado Ar.234B
		Assigned to Armament Test Division, NAS Patuxent River, MD, and allocated BuNo 121445. Unflown due to lack of spares. 
		Stricken Jan 31 1946 and scrapped.

		Arado Ar.234B
		Assigned to Armament Test Division, NAS Patuxent River, MD, and allocated BuNo 121446. Unflown due to lack of spares. 
		Stricken Jan 31 1946 and scrapped.

		Dornier Do.335A Pfeil
		(WkNr 240102) ‘VG+PH’ Luftwaffe. Assigned to Armament Test Division, NAS Patuxent River, MD, from Dec 1945 to Mar 31 1947
		and allocated BuNo 121447. Stored NAS Norfolk, VA.

		Messerschmitt Me.262A-1a Schwalbe
		(WkNr 111367) to USAAF as Watson’s Whizzers ‘333’, named “Feuding 54th”, later “Pauline” and “Deelovely”. Assigned to
		 Armament Test Division, NAS Patuxent River, MD, in Dec 1945 and allocated BuNo 121444. Transferred to Naval Proving 
		Ground, Dahlgren Junction, VA, Oct 11 1946. Displayed at NAS Anacostia, then abandoned at the Naval Research Laboratory, 
		Washington, DC. Scrapped.

		Messerschmitt Bf.109E-3 Emil
		(WkNr 1304) white ‘1’ JG.76, Luftwaffe, made a forced landing nr Woerth, in the Bas-Rhin department, France, Nov 22 1939. 
		Captured by the RAF in May 1940 and allocated serial AE479. Transferred to the USAAF in Jan 1942 and flight tested at 
		Wright Field, OH, during May 1942. Dbr in a forced landing at Cambridge, OH, Nov 3 1942.

		Messerschmitt Bf.109G-2 Gustav
		(WkNr 14329 or 14629) black ‘14’ (from 2H+14) and named ‘Irmgard’, Luftwaffe. Captured by 79thFG and marked ‘X8-7’, before 
		being shipped to the US for structural tests. Marked as ’14-7’ and later as ‘X8-7’. Scrapped.

		Messerschmitt Bf.109G-6 Gustav
		(WkNr 166133) 

		Schneider-Hofmann-Rehberg SG.38 Schulgleiter
		Unmarked training glider, acquired after WWII. Transferred to the Smithsonian Institute in 1954. Displayed at the National 
		Air & Space Museum.

		Kugisho MXY7 Ohka 22
		Noted NAS Alameda, CA, Dec 22 1945. Transferred to the National Air Museum, Apr 15 1948, and displayed at the Smithsonian 
		Arts & Industry building. Moved to the Paul E Garber Restoration & Storage Facility, Suitland, VA, during the seventies 
		for restoration, 1994-97. Displayed at the National Air & Space Museum, Steven F Udvar-Hazy Center, Chantilly, VA, since 
		Dec 2003.

		Fiat FR.298

		Focke-Wulf Fw.190G-3
		(WkNr160057) captured by 85thFS 79thFG at Gerbini Airfield, Sicily, in Sep 1943. Shipped to the US in Jan 1944, it was test 
		flown at NAS Anacostia, then transferred to NAS Patuxent River in Feb 1944.

The combined USN, USAAC, RAAF unit tasked with evaluating Axis aircraft captured in the Pacific theatre, was the Technical Air Intelligence Unit. 
Captured aircraft appear to have received US markings and been allocated ‘TAIC’ numbers. Aircraft shipped to the US were assigned to the 
Technical Air Intelligence Center at NAS Anacostia, DC.

TAIC 1		Mitsubishi A6M2 Zero
		‘D1-108’ Japanese Navy. Captured after making a forced landing on Akutan Island in the Aleutian chain. Initially evaluated 
		at NAS North Island, before transferring to the Technical Air Intelligence Center at NAS Anacostia, DC, in 1943, becoming 
		TAIC 1. It returned to North Island as a trainer during 1944, but was destroyed when a taxying SB2C Helldiver crashed into 
		it.

TAIC 6		Nakajima B5N (Kate)
		Japanese Navy. Photographed at NAS Anacostia, DC as TAIC 6.

TAIC S7		Kawanishi N1K1-J Shiden (George)
		5511 ‘201-53’ 201stKokutai. Evaluated by TAIC, Southwest Pacific Area at Clark AFB, Philippines, and allocated tail number 
		S7, although photographed as ‘TECH AIR INTEL UNIT-S.W.P.A’ ‘7’. Scrapped.
TAIC 8		Mitsubishi A6M5 Zero (Zeke)
		‘61-108’ 261stKokutai. Captured at Aslito Airfield, Saipan, Mar 1944. Painted as ‘T.A.I.C. 8’ and later FE-130, and T-2-
		130. Displayed at NASM.
TAIC 9		Kawasaki Ki.61 Hien (Tony)
TAIC 10		Mitsubishi Ki.46-11 (Dinah)
		Photographed at NAS Anacostia, DC, post 1945.
TAIC S11	Nakajima Ki.44 (Tojo)
TAIC 11		Mitsubishi A6M5 model 52
TAIC S12	Mitsubishi J2M Raiden (Jack)
		Marked as ‘TECH AIR INTEL UNIT-S.W.P.A’ ‘S 7’ when photographed at Luzon, Philippines, 1945.

TAIC S14	Kawasaki Ka.45 Toryu (Nick)
		Marked as ‘TECH AIR INTEL UNIT-S.W.P.A’ ‘S 14’ when photographed at Luzon, Philippines, 1945.
TAIC S16	Yokosuka D4Y3 model 33 Suisei (Judy)
		Evaluated at NAS Anacostia as ‘TECH AIR INTEL UNIT-S.W.P.A’ ‘S16’
TAIC S17	Nakajima Ki.84 Hayate (Frank)
		Found abandoned at Luzon, Philippines. Marked as ‘TECH AIR INTEL UNIT-S.W.P.A’ ‘S17’ and shipped to the US aboard USS Long 
		Island.

TAIC S19	Nakajima B6N Tenzan (Jill)
		Marked as ‘TECH AIR INTEL UNIT-S.W.P.A’ ‘S 19’.


		Kawanishi N1K Shiden
		71 Japanese AF. Shipped to the US for evaluation.

		Kawanishi N1K Shiden
		5128 Japanese AF. Shipped to the US for evaluation.

		Kawanishi N1K Shiden
		5312 Japanese AF. Shipped to the US for evaluation.

		Kawanishi N1K Shiden
		5341 Japanese AF. Shipped to the US for evaluation.

T2-116		Focke-Wulf Fw.190 evaluated at Freeman Field, IN. Relocated to Douglas Aircraft Plant, Chicago, IL, May 1946
T2-125		Focke-Wulf Fw.190 evaluated at Freeman Field, IN. Relocated to Douglas Aircraft Plant, Chicago, IL, May 1946